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James Schuyler was a significant American poet and central figure in the New York School of poetry, an informal group of poets active in the 1950s and 1960s. Born on November 9, 1923, in Chicago, Illinois, Schuyler's work is celebrated for its vivid observation, intimate tone, and its blending of everyday life with artistic and natural beauty.

Schuyler's literary background was eclectic and largely self-taught. Although he briefly attended Bethany College in West Virginia, his education was not extensive. Instead, Schuyler's literary sensibilities were honed through his wide reading, his work as a museum curator, and his associations with other poets and artists, including Frank O'Hara, John Ashbery, and Kenneth Koch.

Early influences on Schuyler's work included W.H. Auden, whose poetry he admired for its formal beauty and emotional resonance. However, Schuyler's own style was far more informal and conversational. He was also influenced by his work at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, which immersed him in the contemporary art scene and introduced him to key figures in the visual arts, whose work would deeply influence his own.

Schuyler was a key member of the New York School of poets, a group known for its urban focus, its incorporation of contemporary culture and art into poetry, and its use of colloquial language. The New York School poets were influenced by the modernist and surrealist movements, but they also developed a distinctive voice that was lighter in tone, more personal, and more immediately relatable than much of the poetry of their predecessors.

His poetic oeuvre is characterized by an acute attention to the details of everyday life and the natural world. Collections such as "Freely Espousing" (1969), "The Crystal Lithium" (1972), and "Hymn to Life" (1974) demonstrate his ability to find beauty and significance in the mundane. His Pulitzer Prize-winning collection, "The Morning of the Poem" (1980), is perhaps his most celebrated work, showcasing his talent for capturing the fleeting moments of life with clarity and emotion.

Themes in Schuyler's poetry often revolve around the intimate observation of nature, the nuances of personal relationships, and the intersection of art and life. His work frequently features vivid descriptions of landscapes, both urban and rural, and reflects on the ways in which the external world mirrors internal states of mind.

Schuyler's influence on American poetry is seen in his contribution to the ethos of the New York School, as well as his impact on the genre of lyrical poetry. His work helped to broaden the scope of what could be considered suitable subject matter for poetry, opening the door for future poets to explore the poetry of everyday life in new and innovative ways.

His honors include the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, which he won for "The Morning of the Poem," affirming his status as one of the most important American poets of his generation.

In conclusion, James Schuyler's contributions to American literature are marked by his keen observational skills, his intimate and conversational style, and his ability to find beauty and meaning in the ordinary. His work remains a vital part of the American poetic canon, celebrated for its emotional depth, its vivid imagery, and its exploration of the complex interplay between the external world and the internal self.

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