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Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore, born on July 23, 1823, in Woodford, Essex, England, is a figure of considerable interest in the Victorian era of English literature. Known primarily for his poetry, Patmore's work reflects the complexities and evolving attitudes of his time, particularly in relation to themes of love, marriage, and spirituality.

Patmore's early life, influenced by his father Peter George Patmore, also a writer, set the stage for his literary career. His education was informal but extensive, leading to his development as a poet with a unique and thoughtful voice. He began working at the British Museum at a young age, which further exposed him to a wide range of literature and intellectual discourse.

His most famous work, "The Angel in the House," first published in parts between 1854 and 1862, is a lengthy narrative poem that became highly influential in Victorian England. This work, which idealizes the Victorian concept of domesticity and the role of women in the household, is divided into several parts and explores the courtship, marriage, and domestic life of the poem's protagonist. "The Angel in the House" was celebrated in its time for its portrayal of an idealized womanhood and marital harmony, though in later years it has been critiqued for its portrayal of women and gender roles.

The style of Patmore's poetry is marked by its earnestness and lyrical quality. He was adept at exploring complex emotional and spiritual themes through tightly structured verse. While "The Angel in the House" is his most famous work, his later poetry, especially "The Unknown Eros," represents a shift towards a more mystical and spiritual focus, reflecting his conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1864. This later poetry is often considered superior in terms of its depth and craftsmanship.

Thematically, Patmore's work delves into the nature of love, marriage, and the spiritual aspects of human relationships. His poetry reflects the Victorian idealization of domestic life and the moral and religious underpinnings of society. However, his later work, with its more spiritual and mystical elements, suggests a broader and more profound exploration of the human condition.

Patmore's influence on Victorian poetry is notable. While "The Angel in the House" fell out of favor in the 20th century due to changing attitudes towards gender and domestic roles, it remains an important work for understanding the cultural and social context of Victorian England. His later poems, with their spiritual and mystical elements, contributed to the broader tradition of English religious and spiritual poetry.

In conclusion, Coventry Patmore's contribution to English literature lies in his exploration of the themes of love, marriage, and spirituality within the context of Victorian society. His work, particularly "The Angel in the House," provides valuable insight into the ideals and values of his era, while his later, more spiritually focused poetry reflects a deeper and more introspective engagement with the human experience. Patmore's legacy, though complex and subject to reevaluation over time, underscores his role as a significant poet of the Victorian period.

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