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Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton, born on June 19, 1809, in London, England, and died on August 11, 1885, was a notable English poet, literary patron, and politician of the Victorian era. He is perhaps best remembered not only for his own literary contributions but also for his role as a patron and supporter of other significant literary figures of his time.

Milnes attended Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became a member of the Cambridge Apostles, a society noted for its members' contributions to literature and politics. After Cambridge, he embarked on a career that combined literature and public service.

As a poet, Milnes's work is characteristic of the early Victorian period. His poetry, which includes collections like "Memorials of Many Scenes" (1834) and "Palm Leaves" (1844), often explores themes of love, nature, and the human condition. While his poetry did not achieve the acclaim or influence of some of his contemporaries, it reflects the aesthetic and thematic concerns of the early Victorian literary scene.

More influential than his poetry, however, was Milnes's role as a literary patron and a central figure in London's intellectual and social circles. He was known for his generous support of emerging writers and artists, and his salons were a gathering place for many notable figures of the day. Perhaps most significantly, Milnes was a key supporter of Alfred Lord Tennyson, helping to promote Tennyson's work at a critical point in his career.

Milnes also showed a keen interest in the work of American poet Walt Whitman. He was among the first in England to recognize Whitman's talent and played a role in introducing Whitman's work to a British audience.

In addition to his literary activities, Milnes was active in politics. He served as a Member of Parliament for various constituencies and was known for his progressive views on issues such as civil and religious liberties. In 1863, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Houghton, further cementing his status as a prominent public figure.

Throughout his life, Milnes was a prolific letter writer and essayist, and his correspondence and essays provide valuable insights into the cultural and intellectual milieu of Victorian Britain.

In conclusion, Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton, was a significant figure in Victorian literature and society, not so much for his own poetic works, but more for his role as a patron and supporter of other artists and writers. His contributions to the literary culture of his time, particularly his support of figures like Tennyson and Whitman, and his involvement in the political and social issues of the day, highlight his influence and importance in the cultural landscape of 19th-century Britain.

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