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A WASP WOMAN VISITS A BLACK JUNKIE IN PRISON, by             Poet Analysis     Poet's Biography

"A Wasp Woman Visits a Black Junkie in Prison" is a poem by Etheridge Knight first published in his collection "The Essential Etheridge Knight" in 1986.


The poem depicts a visit from a white woman, referred to as a "wasp woman," to a Black man in prison who is struggling with drug addiction. The speaker describes the woman as "southern rich" and out of touch with the realities of life in the inner city. The woman brings the man gifts, including a book by William Faulkner, which he initially appreciates but ultimately rejects. As the conversation progresses, the man becomes increasingly hostile towards the woman and accuses her of exploiting his situation for her own personal gain. The poem ends with the speaker reflecting on the power dynamics at play in the encounter, as well as the larger societal issues of racism and inequality.

Pertinent Poetic Elements:

  • Form: Free verse
  • Theme: Power dynamics, race, addiction
  • Imagery: "Wasp woman," "iron bars," "cold shackles"
  • Tone: Angry, confrontational, resentful
  • Sound: Repetition of "she says," internal rhyme
  • Language: Colloquial, informal, some profanity
  • Figurative language: Metaphors and similes comparing the woman to a "wasp" and the man's addiction to a "worm"
  • Structure: Four stanzas of varying length, irregular line lengths and stanza breaks
  • Symbolism: The book by William Faulkner represents the cultural divide between the two characters and their differing experiences.
  • Emotion: The poem is charged with emotion, particularly anger and frustration, and explores complex themes of power dynamics and systemic inequality.


"A Wasp Woman Visits a Black Junkie in Prison" is a powerful and emotional poem that explores issues of race, addiction, and power dynamics. Through vivid imagery and a confrontational tone, Knight depicts the complicated and fraught encounter between the Black man and the white woman, ultimately exposing the deeper societal issues at play. The poem is a potent commentary on the ongoing struggle for equality and justice in America.

Poem Snippet:

"i dig

the wasp woman with her Sunday

go-to-meeting clothes on

her scared furtive eyes

that look away from prison walls"


*NOTE: In this context “wasp” refers to a white woman of Anglo-Saxon Protestant heritage.

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