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Samuel Daniel was a prominent English poet and playwright of the Elizabethan era. He was born in 1562 and died in 1619. Daniel was a contemporary of William Shakespeare, and he was known for his elegant and refined verse. "Care-Charmer Sleep" is one of his most famous poems, and it was published in his collection "Delia" in 1592.


The poem "Care-Charmer Sleep" is a sonnet that addresses Sleep as a personified figure, referred to as the "son of the sable Night." The speaker addresses Sleep as a "care-charmer," or someone who can soothe away worries and anxieties. The first line sets the tone for the poem, with Sleep being portrayed as a comforting and gentle force in contrast to the darker image of Night.

The speaker then goes on to describe the power of Sleep, saying that even the "sullenest souls" can be lulled into a peaceful slumber by his charms. The second quatrain elaborates on this idea, using the image of a "weary chase" to describe the pursuit of happiness and contentment. Sleep is portrayed as the ultimate goal of this chase, with the promise of rest and relief from life's troubles.

The third quatrain shifts the focus to the speaker's own desires, as he asks Sleep to come to him and "drown my cares" in his embrace. The final couplet reinforces the idea that Sleep is a powerful force that can provide relief from life's struggles, stating that "only you make blessedness."


"Care-Charmer Sleep" follows the traditional form of an English sonnet, with fourteen lines and a rhyme scheme of ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. The poem is written in iambic pentameter, with each line consisting of ten syllables and a pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables.

Poetic Elements:

The poem makes use of several poetic techniques to convey its message. The personification of Sleep as a "care-charmer" and the "son of the sable Night" creates a vivid image of a soothing and comforting figure. The use of imagery, such as the "weary chase" and the "sullenest souls," adds depth and nuance to the speaker's description of Sleep's power. The poem also employs a metaphor in the final couplet, where Sleep is equated with "blessedness."


"Care-Charmer Sleep" is a beautifully crafted poem that uses poetic language and imagery to convey the power of Sleep as a force for comfort and relief. The use of personification and metaphor creates a vivid and memorable image of Sleep as a soothing presence in the face of life's troubles. The poem's use of traditional poetic form and techniques also demonstrates Daniel's skill as a poet. Overall, "Care-Charmer Sleep" is a fine example of Elizabethan poetry that continues to resonate with readers today.


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