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ROBIN REDBREAST, by                 Poet's Biography

"Robin Redbreast" is a poem written by William Allingham, an Irish poet and editor, who lived from 1824 to 1889. The poem was first published in his collection of poetry, "Day and Night Songs" in 1855.

The poem is a tribute to the robin, a small bird known for its distinctive red breast and its association with Christmas. The poem describes the robin's appearance and behavior, as well as its symbolic significance as a harbinger of spring and a symbol of hope and renewal.

Allingham was an important figure in the Irish literary scene of the mid-nineteenth century. He was a close friend of writers such as Alfred Tennyson and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and he was associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He was also the editor of Fraser's Magazine, one of the leading literary publications of the time..



The themes of "Robin Redbreast" include the beauty and wonder of nature, the cycles of life and death, and the hope and renewal that come with the changing seasons. The poem also touches on the idea of interconnectedness between humans and the natural world, as the robin's presence and song bring joy and comfort to the speaker.


"Robin Redbreast" is a short, six-line poem written in ballad meter, a traditional form commonly used in folk songs and ballads. The poem consists of three rhyming couplets, with the first and third lines in iambic tetrameter, and the second and fourth lines in iambic trimeter. The simple and repetitive form reflects the poem's focus on the robin's song, which is described as "sweet" and "clear."

Poetic Elements:

Allingham employs a number of poetic elements to create a vivid and evocative picture of the robin. The poem is rich in sensory imagery, with descriptions of the bird's "red breast" and "clear whistle" that appeal to the senses of sight and sound. The poem also employs personification, giving the robin human-like qualities and suggesting a sense of connection between the speaker and the bird. Additionally, the poem makes use of alliteration, assonance, and internal rhyme to create a musical and rhythmic effect that enhances the


"Robin Redbreast" is a beautifully written poem that captures the essence of the natural world and celebrates the beauty of the robin. The poem's simplicity and lyrical quality make it accessible and enjoyable for readers of all ages and backgrounds. Allingham's use of poetic elements, such as sensory imagery and personification, adds depth and richness to the poem, and the ballad meter creates a musical and rhythmic effect that enhances its impact. Overall, "Robin Redbreast" is a lovely example of nature poetry and a testament to the enduring power of the natural world to inspire and delight.

"Robin Redbreast" is one of Allingham's most popular and enduring works, and it has been widely anthologized and set to music. The poem's simple and lyrical style, combined with its celebration of the natural world and its themes of renewal and hope, have made it a beloved favorite of readers and listeners alike. 

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