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CALIFORNIA, by                 Poet Analysis     Poet's Biography
First Line: Was it the sigh and shiver of the leaves?
Last Line: And bay and sky were bright with sudden stars!
Subject(s): California


WAS it the sigh and shiver of the leaves?
Was it the murmur of the meadow brook,
That in and out the reeds and water weeds
Slipped silverly, and on their tremulous keys
Uttered her many melodies? Or voice
Of the far sea, red with the sunset gold,
That sang within her shining shores, and sang
Within the Gate, that in the sunset shone
A gate of fire against the outer world?

For ever as I turned the magic page
Of that old song the old, blind singer sang
Unto the world when it and song were young—
The ripple of the reeds, or odorous,
Soft sigh of leaves or voice of the far sea—
'A' mystical, low murmur, tremulous
Upon the wind, came in the musk of rose,
The salt breath of the waves, and far, faint smell
Of laurel up the slopes of Tamalpais.

"Am I less fair, am I less fair than these,
Daughter of far-off seas?
Daughter of far-off shores—bleak over-blown
With foam of fretful tides, with wail and moan
Of waves that toss wild hands, that clasp and beat
Wild desolate hands above the lonely sands,
Printed no more with pressure of their feet:
That chase no more the light feet flying swift
Up golden sands, nor lift
Foam fingers white unto their garments' hem,
And flowing hair of them.

"For these are dead: the fair, great queens are dead,
The long hair's gold a dust the wind bloweth
Wherever it may list;
The curved lips, that kissed
Heroes and kings of men, a dust that breath,
Nor speech, nor laughter, ever quickeneth;
And all the glory sped
From the large, marvellous eyes, the light whereof
Wrought wonder in their hearts—desire and love!
And wrought not any good:
But strife, and curses of the gods, and flood,
And fire and battle-death!
Am I less fair, less fair,
Because that my hands bear
Neither a sword, nor any flaming brand
To blacken and make desolate my land,
And on my brows are leaves of olive boughs,
And in mine arms a dove?
"Sea-born and goddess, blossom of the foam,
Pale Aphrodite, shadowy as a mist
Not any sun hath kissed!
Tawny of limb I roam,
The dusk of forests dark within my hair;
The far Yosemite,
For garment and for covering of me,
Wove the white foam and mist,
The amber and the rose and amethyst
Of her wild fountains shaken loose in air.
And I am of the hills and of the sea,
Strong with the strength of my great hills, and calm
With calm of the fair sea, whose billowy gold
Girdles the land whose queen and love I am!
Lo! am I less than thou,
That with a sound of lyres and harp-playing,
Not any voice doth sing
The beauty of mine eyelids and my breast
Nor hymn in all my fair and gracious ways,
And lengths of golden days,
The measure and the music of my praise?

"Ah, what indeed is this
Old land beyond the seas, that ye should miss
For her the grace and majesty of mine?
Are not the fruit and vine
Fair on my hills, and in my vales the rose?
The palm-tree and the pine
Strike hands together under the same skies
In every wind that blows.
What clearer heavens can shine
Above the land whereon the shadow lies
Of her dead glory and her slaughtered kings
And lost, evanished gods?
Upon my fresh green sods
No king has walked to curse and desolate:
But in the valley Freedom sits and sings,
And on the heights above;
Upon her brows the leaves of olive boughs,
And in her arms a dove;
And the great hills are pure, undesecrate,
White with their snows untrod!
And mighty with the presence of their God!

"Hearken, how many years
I sat alone, I sat alone and heard
Only the silence stirred
By wind and leaf, by clash of grassy spears,
And singing bird that called to singing bird,
Heard but the savage tongue
Of my brown, savage children, that among
The hills and valleys chased the buck and doe,
And round the wigwam fires
Chanted wild songs of their wild savage sires,
And danced their wild weird dances to and fro,
And wrought their beaded robes of buffalo.
Day following upon day,
Saw but the panther crouched upon the limb,
Smooth serpents, swift and slim,
Slip through the reeds and grasses, and the bear
Crush through his tangled lair
Of chaparral upon the startled prey!

"Listen, how I have seen
Flash of strange fires in gorge and black ravine;
Heard the sharp clang of steel, that came to drain
The mountain's golden vein—
And laughed and sang, and sang and laughed again,
Because that 'Now,' I said, 'I shall be known!
I shall not sit alone;
But reach my hands unto my sister lands!
And they, will they not turn
Old, wondering dim eyes to me, and yearn—
Aye, they will yearn, in sooth,
To my glad beauty and my glad, fresh youth!'

"What matters though the morn
Redden upon my singing fields of corn!
What matters though the wind's unresting feet
Ripple the golden wheat,
And my vales run with wine,
And on these hills of mine
The orchard boughs droop heavy with ripe fruit?
When with nor song of lute
Nor lyre, doth any singer chant and sing
Me, in my life's fair spring:
The matin song of me in my young day?
But all my lays and legends fade away
From lake and mountain to the farther hem
Of sea, and there be none to gather them.

"Lo! I have waited long!
How longer yet must my strung harp be dumb
Ere its great master come?
Till the fair singer comes to wake the strong,
Rapt chords of it unto the new, glad song!
Him a diviner speech
My song birds wait to teach:
The secrets of the field
My blossoms will not yield
To other hands than his;
And lingering for this,
My laurels lend the glory of their boughs
To crown no narrower brows.
For on his lips must wisdom sit with youth;
And in his eyes, and on the lids thereof,
The light of a great love—
And on his forehead, truth!"

Was it the wind, or the soft sigh of leaves,
Or sound of singing waters? So, I looked,
And saw the silvery ripples of the brook,
The fruit upon the hills, the waving trees,
The mellow fields of harvest; saw the Gate
Burn in the sunset: the thin thread of mist,
Creep white across the Saucelito hills;
Till the day darkened down the ocean rim,
The sunset purple slipped from Tamalpais,
And bay and sky were bright with sudden stars!





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